Ear infections in dogs are not only painful and irritating for your pup, but they also lead to odor and discharge. As a pet parent, it’s your responsibility to take care of your dog’s health and well-being. It’s essential to take your pup to vet when you get the signs of infection in your canine’s ear.
Symptoms of Ear Infection in Dogs
Identifying ear infections in dogs at an early stage can be tricky as there are various common symptoms. Some of the signs are:
- Shaking their head
- Scratching their ears
- Yellowish or brown discharge
- Crusty ears or scabs ears
Some dogs can face severe infection symptoms, which are not common, including loss of balance, strange and continuous eye movements, and hearing loss.
Moreover, ear infections usually indicate underlying health conditions. Allergies to some ingredients can also cause ear infections. Environmental triggers such as molds, pollen, and dust mite can also become the reason for disease.
Causes of Ear Infections in Dogs
The dog’s ear canal is comparatively more vertical than humans, which forms an L-shape. This canal is responsible for holding fluid. The structure of the ear canal makes dogs more susceptible to an ear infection. Moreover, ear infections in dogs commonly occur because of yeast, bacteria, or both.
Puppies can also develop ear infections due to ear mites. Factors that make your pup prone to ear infection are:
- Moisture, which creates a perfect growing environment for yeast and bacteria
- Allergies, which cause several ear diseases. Around 50% of canine with skin allergies and about 80% of dogs with food allergies suffer from ear infections.
- Endocrine disorders
- Wax buildup
- Autoimmune disorder
- Foreign bodies
- Excessive cleaning
- Injury in the ear canal
Treatment of Dog’s Ear Infection
When you take your pup to the vet, they clean your dog’s ear with medicated ear cleanser. The doctor can also ask you to use topical medications and ear cleanser at home. If your dog has a severe infection, your vet can prescribe anti-inflammatory medications and oral antibiotics.
Mostly, minor ear infections get treated within 1-2 weeks. But severe ones or those due to other health problems can take months to go away, or sometimes become a chronic problem. In case of severe conditions, when no treatment is useful, your vet will suggest surgery such as Total Ear Canal Ablation (TECA). In this surgery, a specialist removes the ear canal, thereby removing the infected tissues and preventing the infection from growing again.
You need to follow the doctors’ instructions and revisit the vet for follow-up. If you don’t take your vet’s recommendations seriously, it can lead to the recurrence of ear infection. It is essential to complete the medication course of your dog, even if your pup looks better. If you fail to complete the course, your champ can suffer from other health issues such as resistant infections.
It’s important to take proper care of your pup’s health. Ear infections in dogs are common and easy to identify. If you detect the infection symptoms, you can point out ear infections in your little fellow’s ear. The sooner you notice the problems, the earlier you can take your pup to the vet for treatment.